Glaucoma refers to an eye condition that usually leads to damages to your eye optic nerve, which is critical to your good vision. Research has revealed that optic nerve damage results from intense pressure subjected to your eye.
Statistics show that persons above the age of 60 have Glaucoma as their major leading cause. In some cases, it can occur at a younger age, but it’s slightly uncommon. In most situations, this condition does not send any warning signs or symptoms until at an advanced stage, where you will start experiencing difficulties with your vision.
Experts and optometrist usually advise that it’s essential to conduct regular eye checkup that includes an overall eye pressure measurement to capture the disease at an early stage. The glaucoma effect cannot get reversed when it occurs, but it can get managed when caught early. Experts advise that when this condition gets specialist attention at an early stage, it’s possible to slow down the loss of vision or at some point be in a position to prevent it totally from occurring. By any chance you get diagnosed with Glaucoma, you will require treatment to manage it for the rest of your life.
Glaucoma Signs and Symptoms
This condition comes with various signs and symptoms, mostly depending on the stage and the condition’s type.
This type of Glaucoma gets accompanied by the development of patchy blind spots on the peripheral or central side of both eyes. Another symptom or sign is tunnel vision that comes at an advanced stage of this condition.
Acute Angle-closure Glaucoma
Severe headaches characterize this type of condition, as well as frequent eye pains, and sometimes some people may have exhibited signs such as vomiting and nausea. Consequently, this type of Glaucoma comes with blurred vision, extensive eye redness, and halos, particularly around the lights. The acute angle-closure Glaucoma is quite severe, and when it’s left untreated, it can cause blindness. An optometrist usually advises that even with treatment, this condition will end up causing blindness to at least one eye in a period not less than 20 years.
The moment you start experiencing such symptoms, as explained above, it’s essential that you do not waste much time and immediately book an appointment with an eye specialist.
Other than the damage caused to the eye optic nerve due to pressure on the eye, Glaucoma is genetic and runs in some families. Some people have a gene that is mostly responsible for pressure buildup in your eyes that eventually damages the optic nerve.
There are certain risk factors that have been identified by scientists that can cause and lead to Glaucoma. Some of these risk factors include intense high pressure in your inner eye, commonly known as intraocular pressure. The other risk factor is the age factor, as persons above the age of 60 have shown to be susceptible to this condition. Having a family that suffers from this condition has been linked to this condition’s genetic risk factor. Lastly, if you develop diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease are an accelerator to this condition.
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